1856 USA Democratic Party Nomination Ticket James Buchanan & John Breckinridge

Product code: 5396
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Rare US Democratic Party Nomination Ticket for the election on November 4th 1856. The party nominated James Buchanan, Jr. (April 23, 1791 - June 1, 1868), U.S. Ambassador to Great Britain, for President (denying re-nomination to incumbent President Franklin Pierce), and former Representative John C. Breckinridge (January 16, 1821 - May 17, 1875), of Kentucky for Vice President..

The Democratic Party had been wounded from its devastating losses in the 1854-1855 midterm elections. U.S. Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois, who had sponsored the Kansas-Nebraska Act, entered the race in opposition to President Franklin Pierce. The Pennsylvania delegation continued to sponsor its favorite son, James Buchanan.

The 7th Democratic National Convention was held in Smith and Nixon's Hall in Cincinnati, Ohio, on June 2nd to 6th 1856. The delegates were deeply divided over slavery. For the first time in American history, a man who had been elected president was denied re-nomination after seeking it. On the first ballot, Buchanan placed first with 135.5 votes to 122.5 for Pierce, 33 for Douglas, and 5 for Lewis Cass. With each succeeding ballot, Douglas gained at Pierce's expense. On the 15th ballot, most of Pierce's delegates shifted to Douglas in an attempt to stop Buchanan, but Douglas withdrew when it became clear Buchanan had the support of the majority of those at the convention, also fearing that his continued participation might lead to divisions within the party that could endanger its chances in the general election.

A host of candidates were nominated for the Vice Presidency, but a number of them attempted to withdraw themselves from consideration, among them the eventual nominee, John C. Breckinridge of Kentucky. Breckinridge, besides having been selected as an elector, was also supporting Linn Boyd for the nomination. However, following a draft effort lead by the delegation from Vermont, Breckinridge was nominated on the second ballot.

James Buchanan was the 15th President of the United States (1857-1861), serving immediately prior to the American Civil War. He represented Pennsylvania in the United States House of Representatives and later the Senate, then served as Minister to Russia under President Andrew Jackson. He was named Secretary of State under President James K. Polk, and is to date the last former Secretary of State to serve as President of the United States. After turning down an offer to sit on the Supreme Court, President Franklin Pierce appointed him minister to the Court of St. James's, in which capacity he helped draft the Ostend Manifesto.

John Cabell Breckinridge was a lawyer and politician from the U.S. state of Kentucky. He represented the Commonwealth in both houses of Congress and in 1857, became the 14th and youngest-ever Vice President of the United States (1857-1861). Serving in the U.S. Senate at the outbreak of the Civil War, he was expelled after joining the Confederate Army. He remains the only Senator of the United States convicted of treason against the United States of America by the Senate. He was appointed Confederate Secretary of War late in the war. A member of the Breckinridge family, he was the grandson of U.S. Attorney General John Breckinridge, son of Kentucky Secretary of State Cabell Breckinridge and father of Arkansas Congressman Clifton R. Breckinridge.

On the reverse is the ink signature of William Hazard a native of Steuben Co., N.Y. He came with his father, Chester Hazard to Genoa township in 1836. With the exception of a year spent at school before leaving New York, he resided with his father until 1856, assisting in the management of the his farm. In 1856 he also married Miss Cynthia Wait of Howell,with whom he had three children, one son and two daughters. In 1869, Mr. Hazard was elected supervisor of his township, and held the position for three years. He the worked as Superintendent of the County Poor, and continued in that capacity for five years. In his own township he had held every office except that of treasurer. Politically, Mr. Hazard was a confirmed Democrat.

Size: 18.5 x 11.5 cm approx
Product Code 5396