10 Rare Antique Russian German BUFA Photos Brest-Litovsk Treaty 1918

Product code: 5337
Rare set of ten antique German photos by BUFA recording the Treaty of Brest Litovsk in 1918.

The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed on 3 March 1918. The signatories were Bolshevik Russia signed by Grigori Yakovlovich Sokolnikov on the one side and the German Empire, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Ottoman Empire on the other. Germany was represented officially by Foreign Secretary Richard von Kühlmann, but the most important German figure was General Max Hoffmann, Chief of Staff of the German armies on the Eastern Front (Oberkommando-Ostfront). Austria was represented by Foreign Minister Count Ottokar Czernin, and the Ottomans by Talat Pasha.

The treaty marked Russia's final withdrawal from World War I as an enemy of her co-signatories, on unexpectedly humiliating terms. In all, the treaty took away territory that included a quarter of the population and industry of the former Russian Empire and nine-tenths of its coal mines. Russia's post-1991 western border bears a marked similarity to that imposed by the Brest-Litovsk treaty.

When Germans later complained that the Treaty of Versailles of 1919 was too harsh on them, the Allies responded that it was more benign than Brest-Litovsk.

One photo shows the signing of the Armistice between Russia and Germany.

Featured in one of the photos is Anastasia Bitzenko (1875-1938),she is seated behind Lev Kamenev (1883-1936) in a motor car on their way to the peace negotiations which led to the signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.

She was born a peasant and married a Socialist Revolutionary and on 22nd November 1905, shot Adjutant General Viktor Viktorovich Sakharov (1848 - 1905), a Russian Lieutenant General and Minister of War 1904-1905 in the house of Peter Stolypin. She was subsequently condemed to death but following petitions regading her mental state she was exiled to Siberia. In 1917 she was appointed as the only woman in the delegation that accorded the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. In 1938 Bizenko was shot during the Stalinist purges.

Kamenev was a Russian revolutionary and Soviet politician, he was put on trial in Moscow in August 1936 alongside Zinoviev and others for treason against the Soviet state. Found guilty, he was executed in Moscow on 25 August 1936 , his family were also executed.

Each photo is stamped on the reverse in German, and four photos have the BUFA stamp. The German Supreme Army Command created Bild- und Filmamt (BUFA) in January 1917 to coordinate and produce visual propaganda. Though it did not really succeed in its aims to boost morale, BUFA helped to lay the foundation for the thriving interwar German film industry:

"Nur zum eigenen Gebrauch" "Only For Your Own Use"

Large Size: 30 x 24 cm approx
Smaller Size: 16.5 x 12 cm approx
Product Code 5337